Briefing Book

Carnivores & Coexistence



NCEL Point of Contact

Logan Christian
Wildlife and Habitat Coordinator



Carnivores play a critical role in maintaining ecosystem health and biodiversity, as well as protecting ecosystems against climate change. However, carnivores in North America - such as mountain lions, wolves, bobcats, and coyotes - have been targeted since settlement by Europeans, and many species were hunted for bounties until the 1970s. In fact, bounties are still paid in a few states. With recent recognition of their benefits, movements to conserve or even reintroduce carnivores are gaining support. Despite this progress, some states still allow activities that target carnivores, such as wildlife killing contests, unregulated hunting, and trapping. This briefing book provides an overview of the importance of carnivores, the threats they face, and policy options for ensuring their long-term viability.


NCEL Resources

Online Resources

NCEL Carnivores and Coexistence Issue Page

Go to resource

Empower State Environmental Champions

Your donation funds the fight for equitable actions that protect the environment and our health.